This document contains information on how to properly install a legacy DAC Cancoil Condenser.
Legacy, DAC, Condenser
Section 1. Warranty and General Information……………………….2
Section 2. Refrigeration Piping………………………………………...3
Section 3. Wiring and Sequence of Operations……………………..5
Section 4. Leak Testing and Charging………………………………..5
Section 5. Start Up and Check Out Procedures……………………..5
Section 6. Controls and Adjustment…………………………………..6
Table of Contents
Cancoil U.S.A. Inc.
P.O. Box 210
Tel: (217) 431-8559
Fax: (217) 431-8696
Cancoil Thermal Corporation
991 John F. Scott Rd.
Tel: (613) 541-1235
Fax: (613) 541-1239
Air Cooled Condenser
Installation and Operating Instructions
DAC Air Cooled Condensers For information pertaining to product dimensions and electrical and capacity data, please visit our website at www.can-coil.com or contact our offices at the locations below.
Section 1. General Information
Cancoil air-cooled condensers have been carefully designed to provide years of reliable performance.They include many features and options that provide stable, efficient year round operation for low, medium and high temperature refrigeration applications. The wiring terminates at clearly marked terminals in the control panel and the controls are conveniently located for ease of adjustment. As with all refrigeration equipment, proper installation and set-up are required for maximum benefit.
Receiving Inspection - At delivery, inspect the equipment to make sure that the shipment is complete and there is no shipping damage. In the event of shipping damage or loss, note this on the delivery receipt and file a claim with the shipping company. If concealed damage is found after delivery, immediately place a claim with the shipping company. Make arrangements for an inspector from the carrier to view the damage and make a determination as soon as possible.
Handling - Use proper equipment and technique when unloading and handling the condenser. Lift under the chassis with a forklift or with a spreader bar and hooks placed in the lifting holes provided in the unit. DO NOT PUT FORKS OR HOOKS UNDER THE CONDENSER COIL SECTION OF THE UNIT. Do not use the refrigerant piping as a lift point.
Unit Placement and Mounting - Allow 3 feet of clearance on all sides of the condenser section and at least 6 feet of clearance above the condenser section for proper airflow. Mechanical ventilation must be used if air-cooled quipment is located indoors. A minimum of 1000 cfm (of outside ventilation) per compressor horsepower must be supplied. The unit should be securely anchored to a structural base to prevent movement. Avoid locations that may allow recirculation of the condenser airstream. Allow sufficient clearance around the unit for proper servicing and preventative maintenance. Follow all building codes and requirements regarding safe access to the equipment.
Catalog Products Limited Warranty
This product may be covered by Cancoil’s catalog products limited warranty. For future reference, please record the following information in the space provided. Please retain this document.
Installation Date ________________
Equipment Model No. ____________________ Equipment Serial No. ____________________
Section 2. Refrigeration Piping
All refrigeration hookups and piping should be done by a licensed mechanical contractor in accordance with applicable codes and standards. Copper tubing must be refrigeration grade only. Piping must be kept clean and dry and free of all debris and chips. Use high temperature silver solder or equivalent alloy for brazing. DO NOT USE SOFT SOLDER. To avoid oxidation inside the piping, purge the system with dry nitrogen during the brazing process. Remove all flux from the joints after brazing.
Refrigeration Line Sizes - The following information may be used to size liquid, suction and hot gas lines and suction risers for Cancoil refrigeration systems. It is based on published industry practice. The data in the tables are all based on the evaporator BTUH, at the condition given. Line lengths are based on EQUIVALENT FEET OF PIPE; allowances for valves and fittings must be included when using these tables. Suction Line sizes are based on a pressure drop equal to 2 degrees per 100 equivalent feet of tubing. Liquid and Hot Gas lines are based on 1 degree per 100 equivalent feet. Factors are provided for other pressure drops. Suction riser capacity is the MINIMUM allowable that will return oil up a vertical riser at the given condition.
Discharge Line - The discharge line should be sized to prevent excessive pressure drop. Horizontal pipe runs should be pitched downward with a rate of 1” drop per 10 feet of length. Inverted traps should be used at the end of vertical risers to prevent liquid and oil from draining back down to the compressor.
Discharge Line – cont’d
Discharge Risers – Discharge risers should be sized to assure oil flow up to the condenser. On systems with parallel compressors or systems with cylinder unloading, the risers must be sized for the minimum
Liquid Line - The liquid line should be sized to prevent excessive pressure drop and to assure a solid liquid column to the expansion valve. If the liquid line is routed through an area that will cause HEAT GAIN, it must be insulated.
Liquid Receivers - The receivers should be sized to hold the condenser winter charge (page 8) plus the evaporator charge plus the suction line charge. Receivers should be sized with a 20% safety factor.
Suction Line - The suction line should be properly sized and installed to insure oil return to the compressor. Horizontal pipe runs should be pitched downward with a rate of 1” drop per 10 feet of length. Suction lines should be insulated to minimize external heat gain and condensation, which could drip on unprotected objects causing unforeseen damage.
Suction Risers - Vertical suction risers should be installed with a trap at the bottom and should have 1 additional trap per 20 feet of vertical rise. Vertical risers must be sized for proper oil return.
Section 3. Electrical Wiring and Sequence of Operations
Cancoil air-cooled condensers are available with a variety of optional fan cycling controls, however many units are shipped without fan controls. Check the unit wiring diagram for specific information regarding the model in question.
Section 4. Leak Testing and Charging
All hook-up, evacuation, testing and charging work must be done by a licensed refrigeration contractor.
Proper procedures must be followed at all times to prevent venting of harmful refrigerants to the
Leak Testing - The system should be leak tested after all pipe connections have been made. Leak test at 175 PSIG (or higher if required by local code) with all flow control valves in the system open. A mixture of refrigerant (35 PSIG) and nitrogen (to the test pressure) should be used with an electronic leak detector. Leaks should be marked, isolated and repaired.
Evacuation - Proper evacuation and charging are critical for proper system performance, especially when using the newer refrigerants and ester oils, which have a high affinity for water. Use a good vacuum pump designed specifically for this duty.Connect the vacuum pump to both the high side and the low side of the system with 1/4” minimum ID Copper tubing. Evacuate the system for at least 2 hours and to a pressure of 250 microns. Isolate the system with a hand valve to check the pressure.
Charging - Before starting the unit, check all electrical and mechanical connections for looseness that may have occurred during shipment. Tighten any loose connections. Proper charging procedure should be followed.
Section 5. Start-up and Check Out Procedures
1. Check the supply voltage when the system is operating. It must be within 10% of the unit nameplate voltage.
2. Check the amperage on the fan motor(s). It must be less than the value listed on the unit nameplate. The amperage on each leg must agree within 2%.
3. Verify the fan rotation direction.
4. Check the operating control settings. See Section 6.
Section 6. Controls and Adjustment
The following table summarizes the controls and options typically found on Cancoil condensing units.Even though many units are ordered fully equipped with all the standard features, some units are specially configured for a particular application or specific location. These may have been built without some features, or may have additional options installed. It is important to inspect each unit at start-up and before service or maintenance to determine which omponents have been installed.
Low Ambient Features & Control Options
The following paragraphs describe the function and adjustment of the various components.Cancoil offers a combination of ambient fan cycling and condenser flooding that has been proven effective in maintaining a stable head pressure throughout the seasons. The control system must be adjusted at start-up for proper operation. No further seasonal adjustment is required after this.
Condenser Ambient Fan Cycling Control – With all fans running, the condensing temperature will normally range from 10 to 30 degrees above the outdoor ambient temperature. The actual amount depends on the individual compressor/ condenser combination. If the resulting head pressure is too low for proper system operation, it can be raised by cycling fans off and on in response to changes in the outdoor ambient temperature. Fan cycling thermostats should be adjusted according to the number of condenser fans as follows:
The ambient fan cycling controls will maintain a condensing temperature of about 115 degrees whenever the outdoor temperatures are greater than the values shown above. If the system is expected to operate at temperatures below the minimum outdoor ambient temperatures, additional head pressure control measures are required.
Head Pressure Control Valve – If the outdoor ambient falls below the value in table above, a headpressure control valve is required to maintain stable head pressure. This control functions by allowing some of the hot gas to bypass the condenser whenever the head pressure falls below the setpoint. This causes liquid refrigerant to back up into the condenser tubes, flooding some of the tube surface. The condenser capacity is reduced and the head pressure rises. During periods of warm outdoor temperature, the liquid returns to the refrigerant receiver, and the condenser returns to full capacity.
Refrigerant Operating Charge - In order for the head pressure control valve to function properly, there must be sufficient refrigerant charge in the receiver to flood the condenser and still maintain a liquid seal at the receiver outlet. The following table lists summer operating charge for the condensing unit and the EXTRA REFRIGERANT CHARGE required to partially flood the condenser for low ambient operation.
To assure sufficient charge for winter conditions, and to avoid nuisance high-pressure trips in summer conditions, the extra refrigerant required to flood the condenser should be weighed into the system. Do this when the system is operating with its summer charge. Make sure that all fans are “on” when adding the extra winter charge.