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    What is the difference between FTP and TFTP?

    FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol.
    FTP uses TCP to manage the file transfer and is a reliable connection oriented service
    Because it uses TCP, each packet is accounted for
    FTP also support logins for security
    There are 2 modes of FTP, passive and non-passive
    FTP uses 2 ports, TCP port 21 listening port, and TCP port 20 or higher TCP port above 1024 for source connection
    FTP has many commands that can be executed (get, put, ls, dir, lcd) and can list directories etc.
    FTP is based upon RFC 959, with other RFC's covering security measures

    TFTP stands for Trivial File Transfer Protocol

    TFTP uses UDP for file transfer and is not a reliable service. Packets may be lost, but neither the sender or receiver learn about it
    TFTP does not support logins and is therefore a security risk (this is why most devices configure for a TFTP server internally. Devices that can have a TFTP client push a file to them can be compromised by a hacker)
    TFTP has only 5 commands to execute (rrq, wrq, data, ack, error)
    TFTP uses only one port with stop and wait modes
    TFTP cannot list directories
    TFTP is used mostly for booting devices that store configurations on a remote TFTP server
    TFTP uses port 69
    TFTP is based upon RFC 1350

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